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Damaged Hair - Facts And CorrectionsDamaged Hair - Facts And Corrections
May, 25 2005


Damaged hair can have less elasticity than normal hair, on the surface (cuticle) as well as in the fibre stem (cortex). It is rough and straw-like to the touch and is brittle, difficult to comb and tends to split at the ends.

The cause can be divided into two groups:
_ Mechanical damage to the hair shaft _ Low-quality combs, brushes, scissors and hair accessories can cause mechanical damage to the hair. The protective cuticle layer becomes increasingly rough and is broken down. The result is often split ends.
_ If the hair is wet, swollen and soft, combing poses a risk of over-stretching.
_ Rubbing of the hair during towel-drying is an added burden to the cuticle layer and can lead to over-stretching.
_ Thermal burdens such as hot blow-drying can lead to rapid evaporation of water and to extreme physical stress on the structure of the hair. Rapid drying makes the hair brittle, unruly and lacking in elasticity.

Note: Mechanical damage, cosmetic treatments and climatic influences can cause the hair to split. The cuticle can no longer fulfil its protective function and the fibre stem tears.

Chemical damage to the structure of the hair.
_ Damage due to unprofessional colour treatments, lighteners or perms: Such treatments always interfere with the fine chemical structure of the hair. The fibrils of the hair, the interfibrillar substance and the melanin are made up of protein and therefore cannot be influenced selectively. If, for example, an incorrect strength of perm lotion (too strong) is applied in relation to the hair structure or the development time is too long at too high a temperature, the hair swells too much and can be damaged irreversibly.

Damage by UV rays:
The damaging effect of sunlight on hair is often underestimated. It leads to a gradual process of oxidation. Especially on wet hair, the high-energy UV rays cause the intensive breakdown of melanin and keratin. The lightening of the pigments due to sunlight causes more structural damage than an equally-strong lightening effect with a high-quality, gentle bleaching agent. Negative changes to the hair structure are particularly accelerated if the hair is dried out more than usual, either by very salty seawater, strongly-chlorinated swimming pool water or climatic influences such as very dry air and wind.

How to avoid damaging influences:
The hair should retain a minimum moisture content of 20 % in order to prevent too much electrostatic charging and thus considerably increased resistance to combing. The use of protective products before drying, careful combing, the use of treatments and conditioners and protection in general from UV rays will prevent overburdening. Professional application of hair colour, bleaching or perm treatments will minimise undesired damage to the structure of the hair.
Special complementary products used in professional hair salons help to regenerate the hair, provide it with optimal protection and help it live up to its full potential.
Credit : Educate - Interhair

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